→ ↑ → (pronounced as three clicks of the tongue, often written as Tsk Tsk Tsk or Tch Tch Tch) was an Australian experimental music project formed in Melbourne in 1977 and led by Philip Brophy. Sometimes compared to Andy Warhol's Factory collective, the group produced experimental music, films, videos, and live theatrical performances exploring Brophy's aesthetic and cultural interests, often on a minimal budget. Musically the group touched upon a wide range of styles including minimalism, punk rock, muzak, krautrock and disco, usually with no vocalist.

In 1980, Brophy co-founded 'Innocent Records' with David Chesworth. The label featured many performers connected with the Clifton Hill Community Music Centre (CHCMC), including → ↑ →, David Chesworth, Synthetic Dream, Essendon Airport and The Dave & Phil Duo. Most recording was done at La Trobe University's 8-track studio where Chesworth was studying. Concurrent with the management of the label they also co-edited, published and distributed the 'New Music' magazine, which documented work from CHCMC. The magazine, funded by benefit concerts, helped shift work from the centre into a more public arena. Concerts included those at the Guild Theatre at Melbourne University and the Glasshouse Theatre at RMIT. Two compilation albums of performers featured in New Music were also released on Innocent Records. By 1982 → ↑ → had ceased live musical performance and concentrated on film and video production, mainly because the group was producing a great deal of work that remained undocumented, and fewer people were involved in productions.

Over the ten years of the groups operation it involved over sixty of Brophy's friends and acquaintances including musician David Chesworth, and visual artists Maria Kozic and Jayne Stevenson. They performed in a wide range on Australian venues including pubs, galleries, university campuses and the Clifton Hill Community Music Centre. They also performed or exhibited in Europe, including London's Institute of Contemporary Arts and Paris's Museum of Modern Art. Brophy dissolved the group in the late 1980s, issuing a retrospective book in 1983: 'Made by → ↑ →'. He continued to work with his then partner Kozic for some time, prior to her relocation to New York. 

For a full discography click HERE

Tsk Tsk Tsk key line-up from 1977 - 1986 included: Philip Brophy – Drums /Synthesizer, Ralph Traviato – Synthesizer /Saxophone, Leigh Parkhill – Synthesizer /Guitar, Maria Kozic – Synthesizer, Jayne Stevenson – Synthesizer. For more participants click HERE


    Tsk Tsk Tsk logo


    'Venetian Rendezvous' EP sleeve 1979


    'Pop Art' single sleeve 1979


Oomgawa wana tuba bibi - Tsk-Tsk-Tsk.mp3



Tsk Tsk Tsk live 1977-80
Philip Brophy and Maria Kozic 1981 - Photos by Robert Rooney